F . A . Q

What is laminate flooring?

Laminated parquet is a type of parquet that is widely used today, which is produced from various trees and ensures that the tree to be applied to the floor using a certain technology can be used without deteriorating for many years.

The trees we use in the production of laminated parquet as Soylu Parquet are first cut into logs, the bark of the tree is peeled and cut into sections in certain sizes. Then the trees to be used in the upper layer, the layer we call “Papel”; These are generally precious trees such as oak, walnut, sapelli, iroko, merbau, they are divided into layers of approximately 4 mm thickness and made ready to be combined with the substrate.

The trees used in the lower layer are also very diverse. The main factor determining the life of the parquet is the lower layer of the parquet. As Soylu Parquet, we use Okume tree, a tree of African origin, in the lower layers of laminated parquet. This wood is the most suitable and highest quality wood type for laminated parquet with its porous and hard structure, resistance to heat changes and moisture. The “multi-layer” we use in the lower layer, that is, the multi-layered marine-contra base, is adhered with papel and the next step is passed.

At this stage, channels are opened on the edges of the parquets that we call “tongue and groove”, which will keep the parquets fixed on the ground by clamping them together. In the next stage, laminated parquets are packaged and ready to use by going through various stages such as calibration, wiring, painting, polishing.

Is laminate hygienic?

Laminate flooring is extremely hygienic thanks to its closed surface. Consisting of a very hard material (melamine resin), the surface prevents dirt and bacteria from entering the floor. However, the laminate is not only hygienic but also exceptionally durable. You can put out cigarettes on laminate flooring and the surface will not be damaged. The high durability of the flooring laminate will gladly be used in the building area, shopping malls, fitness halls etc. It is one of the reasons for using it. But also in your own home these flooring features, eg. It can only be an advantage on the stairs or in the children’s room.

Why is laminate made up?

More than 80 percent of laminate flooring is made of wood: wood fibers, if applicable, wood chips, cellulose derived from wood (= paper). Wood derivatives are found in all three layers of laminate flooring: 1. Decor paper + veneer (= walking layer), 2. Carrier plate, 3. Balance. Except for the carrier plate, each of these layers is impregnated with artificial resins (one of them melamine resin).

They are pressed into the carrier plate at high temperature under high pressure. Coatings made of artificial resins have been used for decades in the production of kitchen and laboratory furniture, office equipment and shop decoration. These are quality, wear-resistant and food-safe materials with exceptional care and cleaning properties: Laminate floors have a closed surface where dust and dirt cannot enter. It is therefore extremely hygienic, easy to maintain and especially suitable for allergy sufferers.

EU certified laminate flooring is mostly produced from regrowth raw materials and does not contain any softeners. The main components of the floorboards are wood fibers, as well as cellulose obtained from wood in the form of quality special paper.

Accepted check marks document the sustainable origin of the wood raw materials used. It is also guaranteed that all material components comply with the European Union’s Heavy Chemical Regulation (REACH) for the protection of human health and nature.

Wood is among the regenerating, renewable raw materials. For this reason, laminate flooring is considered an environmentally friendly and sustainable product, as well as recyclable.

How to lay laminate flooring?

What is essential in laying laminate flooring is the property of the floor. Is it flat and dry enough? In screed floors, an element called a vapor barrier is required. It prevents any remaining moisture from leaking up the floor. For example, a PE foil offered on the market for this purpose is perfectly suited for vapor barrier. In addition, a separation layer is required to reduce the pressing noise. But laminate flooring is not only on the screed, eg. wood, stone, ceramic, plastic, etc. It can also be installed on existing old floors. In the meantime, manufacturer-specific information must be considered!

Modern laminate flooring with click system makes laying laminate extremely easy. First lay two or three rows. The first panel of a row should be at least 40 cm long, wedgeProvide the required 10 mm wall distance with s. Then calculate how to adjust the width of the room. The panels of the last row should not be wider than 5 cm, so if necessary, you should shorten the panels of the 1st row accordingly. Then snap all the panels together until the base is fully laid. The floor area of ​​the laminate should not exceed eight to ten meters longitudinally and transversely, otherwise please add an expansion joint. When the parquet is fully laid, you can place the baseboards that are screwed or attached according to the system.

Is Laminate Flooring heat resistant?

Is there a laminated flooring resistant to underfloor heating? Not all laminated parquet is resistant to underfloor heating and heat. As Soylu Parke, we produce raw materials resistant to underfloor heating thanks to the high-level technology we use in production.

Okume tree, which we use in raw material content, provides a great advantage in parquet production. Thanks to its porous and rigid structure, it is produced resistant to underfloor heating, heat changes and extreme humid environments.

Underfloor heating is a widely used type of warming in our country. In underfloor heating, hot water pipes pass through the concrete floor and heat the environment. However, if there is no correct coating on the concrete floor, this will result in heat loss. Laminated parquets to be used in areas with underfloor heating should have the ability to pass heat. This depends only on whether the trees used in laminated parquet are of the right quality. The Okume tree of African origin, which we use in the lower layers of the laminated parquet we produce as Soylu Parquet, is the most suitable and durable wood type for floors with underfloor heating with its porous and hard structure.

In addition, on the floors where we will apply parquet, approximately 2 mm. We use natural wood cork in thickness. Plastic mattresses suitable for laminate flooring are not a healthy and suitable product for laminated flooring. Since laminated parquet is a 100% natural product, it should be completely cut off from the concrete floor and at the same time the floor of the parquet should be airborne. The product that provides this in the most accurate way is natural tree mushroom. Because this material is formed in the bark in the natural environment and protects the tree from moisture, cold and other external effects.

For the same purpose, it protects the laminated parquets we produce from the effects such as moisture, cold and hot that may come from concrete and provides a long-lasting use. The damage to the laminated parquet caused by the high heat generated by underfloor heating is completely absorbed by the protective effect of the wood fungus we use on the floor and the porous and hard structure of the Okume tree we use in the lower layers of the parquet. In this way, the laminated parquet we produce as Soylu Parquet can be used for many years against underfloor heating without distorting its form.

Which laminate flooring decors are available?

Laminate can be purchased in the most varied decors. Wood decors are extremely popular, but stone and tile decors are also very current. Everything is possible. Be it beech, oak, elm, alder, cherry, walnut or teak – almost all types of wood can be copied perfectly with the printing technique. Meanwhile, the laminate flooring décor is increasingly similar to its example in nature: the texture of wood is almost “felt” in laminate flooring. Knit in stone and tiles. Available in marble, graphite, slate or travertine. Stone decors are also presented more authentically today, with and without joints. In addition to wood and stone, there are many original fantasy decors.

What to Do with Scratched Laminate Flooring?

If the varnish of the wooden parquet is scratched, small scuffs are sufficient, but if the parquet is scratched, it is necessary to apply scraper polish.

How to care for laminate flooring?

Dust and dirt can be removed quickly and reliably with a broom or vacuum cleaner suitable for hard floors. Besides, from time to time wipe with a “slightly damp”, ie well-wrung cloth. Make sure that no water gets into the joints! Since the carrier plate of laminate flooring is made of wood, unsightly joint blisters may occur. In addition to the cleaning water, it is best to use a laminate cleaner that is commercially available. Important! Do not use parquet polish or wax under any circumstances! They cannot hold on the resin impregnated surface of laminate flooring and cause unsightly stains, lines and walking marks.

Laminate is fluctuating? What can I do?

Most of the hike when the laminate is curved (fluctuated)It must be assumed that the flooring does not have enough space to work in one or several places in the room. Often times a laying error here, eg. There is no or insufficient expansion joint. If you are a skilled amateur craftsman, you can proceed as described below, otherwise you should contact your floorer.

Remove all skirting boards (including transition profiles) and check if the laminate has joints to the walls everywhere.

If a door buffer is installed, make sure that the laminate floor is not pressed down and that there is enough space around the fixing screw of the bumper – always drill a hole (approx. 20 mm) in the laminate and then fix the bumper to the screed.

Check all heating pipes if they pass through the laminate and stem. Laminate flooring needs space to work here too.

Never screw components (eg radiator feet) directly onto the screed on laminate.

If the laminate is resting on the wall side, use an end mill for approx. 1 cm is cut again. Other parts should be machined manually with a sharp chisel.

When the laminate is “free” at all points, it will normally lie again after 1-2 days.

The general thing is: act quickly, because otherwise the flooring will be permanently damaged.

Can laminate be laid on tiles?

According to the manufacturer’s information, carpetflexes are not suitable floors because the usage layer of the carpet flexes stretches too much at loads. Especially in click systems, the connections may be overloaded. In individual cases, contact the manufacturer of the laminate flooring.

Can laminate be laid on carpetflex?

This is essentially possible if the tile flooring is suitably flat and meets the floor requirements for laminate flooring (see above). Irregularities or height differences in the tile floor can be compensated with the insulation mattress. In individual cases, contact your manufacturer.

Can individual flooring panels be changed?

Heavily damaged flooring elements can be replaced by the expert so that optical differences cannot be detected in the entire area. There are special suction profiles that can pull (absorb) individual panels from the floor upwards. Then the new panel should be placed. Special repair kits are offered for sale for small damaged areas in the flooring.

Does laminate have to be laid in a certain direction?

The optical general appearance of laminate flooring, which consists of individual panels, is determined by the direction of the flooring in the space, depending on the reflection of the light and the main view direction. The tiling direction can affect the visual size ratio, i.e. the perspective of a room view. In other words, it is recommended to install a laminate flooring with the same direction and light reflection.

Can laminate be installed over underfloor heating?

Laminate flooring can also be installed over hot water floor heating as long as it is duly done. Laminate flooring has favorable heat transmission resistance and allows extremely economical operation for hot water underfloor heating. However, the insulation mat should be adapted to underfloor heating, its heat transfer resistance should not be too high.

In electrical underfloor heating, you must make sure that the laminate flooring is suitable for this system. The surface temperature of tiled laminate flooring should not exceed 26 degrees Celsius, otherwise unsightly joint blisters and bumps may occur. So contact your manufacturer anyway. It mainly applies: Laminate over electric underfloor heating requires technical inspection.

How Should Laminate Flooring Application Conditions Be?

It is a natural flooring product that adds value to our living spaces for laminated parquet application. Natural wood tree, ambient conditions and storage conditions should be carefully followed from the storage phase to the application and usage phase. The doors and windows of the interior where laminated parquet will be applied must be attached and all gaps in the floor must be closed. Laminated parquet flooring should be listed as the last job to be done in the space.

If there is a difference in level on the floor on which Laminated Parquet will be applied, it must be leveled. The moisture content of the screed applied on the floor should generally not exceed 40% (30% in adhering to the floor). In case of floating system application, ground defects up to 2 mm can be tolerated during flooring.knows. If the laminated parquet application is to be laid by applying the floor bonding, the screed must be extremely smooth and the leveling screed application must be applied. Afterwards, sticking application can be started.

The humidity of the air in the place where Laminated Flooring will be applied should be between 30% and 60%. The temperature should be minimum 18 ° C so that ideal conditions are met. Humidity will be high in new constructions. In order to get rid of the excessively humid environment, the inside should be heated somehow to reduce the humidity. However, ventilating the space can also be considered as a solution.

Laminated Parquet storage areas are also very important. Long before applying laminated flooring, the environment should be chosen as a careful place that is not exposed to moisture, water and extreme temperature changes. While the parquets are stacked in these places, parquet packs should not be contacted directly with the concrete floor.

How can the quality of a laminate flooring be determined?

When purchasing, attention should be paid to the stress classes and CE marking in accordance with EN 13329 on the package of the flooring. These laminate floors have been tested in numerous tests for their suitability for everyday use and offer high product quality. The EPLF logo stands for tested quality in “Qualityandinnovationmade in Europe”.

  • Stress classes equal quality Laminate flooring placed on the market in Europe must be marked with copyright protected symbols, called stress classes, in accordance with the European norm (EN) 13329. These give information about the durability of a flooring and thus its recommended usage areas. For the control in accordance with the norm, the product is subjected to standardized tests that provide continuous high quality assurance.
  • CE marking equals security: The known CE mark is a product marking created according to EU law for the protection of all end consumers in Europe. The relevant regulation guarantees that a product can only be placed on the market in accordance with the provisions of all applicable EU directives. With regard to laminate flooring, particularly high requirements are demanded on emission and combustion behavior, as well as non-slip.
What is EPD and what does it mean for laminate flooring?

Laminate flooring convinces with a very good ecological balance sheet with extremely positive values ​​regarding primary energy need and global warming potential. In the room air quality, this flooring shows its strengths. This is proven by the well-established Environmental Product Declarations, “EPDs” (Environmental Product Declarations). Those who want to choose new flooring from an environmental and sustainability perspective, whether for private homes or workplaces, will have the best arguments for laminate flooring with EPDs.

Are mattress materials required for laminate flooring?

Laminate floorboard, mattress and floor should be seen as a complete “floor system”. Even good quality laminate flooring can prove all its advantages only when it functions well as part of the mattress flooring system.

Mattress forms the intersection point of laminate flooring with the floor. It must therefore take on important functions: it guarantees a proper flooring, for example by equalizing possible point unevenness of the floor and thus relieving the click joints of the floorboards. In daily strain due to walking or eg. It protects the complete upholstery system during impact by falling objects, but also against prolonged loads by heavy furniture. In addition, it can act as an effective barrier against the rise of residual building moisture. And as a result, the right mattress optimizes the properties of laminate flooring for sound insulation and thermal requirements.

Often times unsuitable mattresses or laying faults lead to subsequent complaints. With suitable mattresses, the laminate flooring system can be optimized as a whole and its life can be extended.

How to Care and Clean Laminate Flooring?

Generally, we can assume that the ideal space conditions for human life are also ideal conditions of use for laminated parquet. Relative humidity between 30-60% will create the ideal environment for your laminated flooring. Especially in new buildings, relative humidity that may occur above these values ​​may cause deformation in the parquet more than normal. Again, attention should be paid not to drop below 30% humidity, especially in winters, such aIn this case, a humidifier should be used.

Laminate Parquet Cleaning

You can only use a dry mop or vacuum cleaner for daily cleaning.

For detailed cleaning, you can clean it with a vacuum cleaner and then a slightly damp cloth. It would be better to use a cloth for this job instead of a mop because the mop can leave more water on the parquet.

When cleaning, you can use mild cleaning agents that do not contain ammonia.

Parquet’s worst enemy is mud, sand and gravel. Quality mats should be used in door entrances in commercial spaces.

Make sure that the wheelchairs you use on the parquet have soft wheelchairs or use a protective mat under these chairs.

Stick quality felt protectors under the feet of heavy items and try not to slide such items on the parquet.

If any liquid is spilled on the parquet, wipe off this liquid immediately, if you let it stand on the floor, you may cause deformation in your parquet.

For stains;

Wipe food and beverage stains with a slightly damp cloth, preferably with a wood cleaner. Wipe off difficult stains such as adhesive substance, ink, lipstick, strip friction marks with fine wood cleaner. Then clean it with a cloth moistened with mineral water. For burnt, broken, scratched parquets, contact your supplier.

How is laminate disposed of? Can it be recycled?

Its disposal is extremely smooth. Flooring debris and other parts can be disposed of with normal household waste. Completely discarded floors should be taken directly to landfills. Since more than eighty percent of laminate flooring is made of wood, it can be burned without any problems like other wooden products. Even laminate flooring can be recycled thanks to new technical methods. Separated into chips and fibers, 85 percent of a laminate flooring mass can be recycled into the production process. It can even be used in agriculture and horticulture as a cultural substrate.

Why should a vapor barrier always be integrated?

To protect laminate flooring against moisture rising from the subfloor, manufacturers always recommend integrating a vapor barrier (PE foil or aluminum-coated insulation layer). This should be considered especially in rooms without basements and in new buildings.

How do I know which laminate flooring is right?

First check the usage area of ​​the flooring. Will laminate flooring be installed in the bedroom, living room or staircase? Of course, the flooring on the stairs is subject to different stresses than those found in the bedroom, for example. In order to answer exactly this situation, the so-called stress classes are determined in the EN 13329 laminate flooring norm.

The stress classes in the product packaging provide information on how long your laminate flooring can last. Suitable for private residential area of ​​classes 21-23, commercially used building area of ​​classes 31 to 34. The larger the number, the more the flooring can be loaded.

The three classes in residential space represent: 21 = moderate use (eg bedroom), 22 = normal use (eg living room), 23 = intensive use (eg stairs). These classes are shown on the product packaging with pictograms.

Does laminate release formaldehyde? Is it harmful to the environment?

Like every wooden product, laminate flooring contains formaldehyde, which is found in the natural environment and is also produced by the human body, which can then be released into the room air. However, according to an expertise report by the Fraunhofer Wilhelm-Klauditz Wood Research Institute (WKI) Braunschweig, the amount of possible emissions is usually very low and the room air is in the “normal background pollution” range. It is comparable to the emission values ​​of natural wood and is well below the legally permitted limit value of 0.1 ppm (= 0.12 mg / m3 air) called the E1 value. According to WKI, laminate floors can be used without problems in sensitive areas such as children’s rooms and nurseries.

REGIONAL SISTERED?

Not done. Since the area to be applied to the scraper will look new and shiny, it is incompatible with the other parts.

IS THERE DUST IN THE SYSTEM APPLICATION?

There is dust during the scraper process, although we use the latest model machines, tis oz. It is not possible to do the scraper process without dust.

How to Make Laminate Flooring and Polish Applications?

Since laminated flooring comes out of the production stage in a polished or oily form, it does not require scraper polish after flooring. However, screed polish can be done many times like solid parquet. Polishing process should not be applied when the air temperature falls below 13 ° C.

Scraper and polish application is applied after seeing the effects such as scratching and aging that may occur after the use of the laminated parquet for a certain time or when the user wants to change the color of the parquet. Within Soylu Parke, laminated parquets are scrapped and turned into raw wood in a short time by a team of experts in their field, accompanied by high quality and technological equipment. Then, according to the user’s request, coloring and polishing is applied.

DOES THE PARKES STICK IN PLACE IN THE SYSTEM PROCESS?

Since scraper polish is a process applied to the surface of the parquet, it does not affect the parquets that move in place

CAN IT BE APPLIED TO SYSTEM ON LAMINATE FLOORS?

Since the inside of the laminate flooring is compressed wood and its surface is paper coated, scraper application is not applied.

SHOULD THE SYSTEM BE APPLIED BEFORE OR AFTER PAINTING?

Whether it is before or after painting is entirely your choice. If the screed is to be made before painting, the painter should cover the surface with thick nylon. If scraper is to be made after painting, dust from the scraper does not damage the wall, does not stick and leave no traces.

How wide should the edge / expansion joints be?

Due to climate change, the spatial size of laminate flooring elements may change. Consequently, edge joints of at least 10 mm or more should be left as a basis, depending on the size of the area, according to the manufacturer’s / supplier’s guidelines.

The spatial unit consisting of individual laminate flooring elements is essentially a distance from all fixed building elements (walls, door frames, feed lines, columns, etc.), i.e. sufficient movement range so that the laminate flooring area never rests on stationary building elements. should have an edge joint that provides.